The University Colleges of
Merit are legally recognized private institutions with purposes of public
interest. From a legislative point
of view the history of the Colleges starts on August the 31st 1933 with the
Royal Decree n. 1592 (Consolidated Law on Higher Education), which established
in the art. 191 that "entities and foundations whose aim is the promotion of
higher education and the assistance in various forms to study in universities
and higher education institutes, are under the supervision of the Ministry of
article was the legal basis for the recognition of the existence of some
institutions, including private bodies, which, by statute, had the purpose to
widen the access to higher education and to assist students during their
university studies. Because of these purposes, these institutions were under the
supervision of the Ministry of Education.
The University Reform Law (Law 240/2010), states in art. 5 the objective of supporting
the Colleges of Merit, through the definition of a specific regulation, which
is the final step of a process that defines the institutional, juridical and
administrative role of the Colleges as a tool to improve the quality of the
Italian university and to promote merit.
decree N. 68/2012 defines the University Colleges of Merit as residential
structures open to Italian and international students, with a high quality educational
offer, pursuing the promotion of merit and interdisciplinary education,
ensuring each student a personal development path made of training services,
guidance and enrichment of university activities. The
decree N. 68/12 defines two kinds of University Colleges: the 'recognized' University College of Merit and 'accredited' the University College of Merit.
Accreditation is granted by the Minister through a decree, after an application presented by the interested Halls of residence as prescribed by D.M 672/16 and D.M. 673/16.